In this post we will show how to configure a compute node in OpenStack to launch Docker containers. We assume that you already have a working OpenStack installation. The configuration we describe below worked for OpenStack Juno, while the controller and compute nodes were running Ubuntu 14.04 LTS.

Install Docker and Docker driver for OpenStack on the compute node

Installing Docker in Ubuntu (Docker only works for 64 bit Ubuntu OS):

Add nova to the docker group and restart the compute service to pick up the change:

Install the nova-docker driver:


Configuring the compute and the controller nodes for Docker

Nova configuration in the compute node

With admin privileges edit the configuration file /etc/nova/nova.conf according to the following options:

Create the directory /etc/nova/rootwrap.d, if it does not already exist, and inside that directory create a file “docker.filters” with the following content:

Glance configuration in the controller node

Glance also needs to be configured to support the Docker container format, in /etc/glance/glance-api.conf (found in controller):

And then restart the Glance service:

Now, back to the compute node

Do the following:

And edit the /etc/nova/nova-compute.conf:


Launching Docker containers

Example: A minimal container that runs an http server (thttpd) on port 80

In the compute node:

docker pull larsks/thttpd
docker save larsks/thttpd | glance image-create --is-public True --container-format docker --disk-format raw --name larsks/thttpd

In the controller node, first source your OpenStack RC file and then boot your docker instance:

nova boot --image "larsks/thttpd" --flavor m1.small --nic net-id=fa234617-3ec6-481c-a17e-89bd54fce60b --availability_zone=nova:node3 docker-test-vm

Now, check instances in Openstack Horizon to see our newly created instance is running. Then, assign a floating IP address through Openstack horizon and try http://<assigned_ip>/ to see if it is working.

That’s all!